Here we are discussing the swine flu virus H1N1 type A influenza. It was first discovered in April 2009. This virus was a combination of influenza virus genes and never identified either in humans or animals. It is a zoonotic disease which was transmitted from pigs to humans and humans to pigs. This virus quickly spread globally that’s why World Health Organization (WHO) declared the first influenza pandemic. This swine flu caused a high level of summer infections as well as it also causes high levels of activities in the winter.
This disease led many lives towards death and illness. Many death occurs due to the pandemics. This influenza has occurred among the young generation. Pregnant people, Young children, and aged people are the victims of this virus. People whom conditions are complicated are harder to treat. Mostly people required an intensive care.
This influenza virus is spread from people to people, people to animals, animals to people and animals to animals. It is very easily transmitted to the normal person by coughing, sneezing which can be inhaled. if we want to prevent it then the people who are ill due to this disease stay home until they are unwell, should cover their mouth and nose when they are sneezing or coughing.
Signs and Symptoms Of Swine Flu:
Following are some signs and symptoms of Swine flu.
In Aged people
- Low temperature
- Difficulty in breathing
- Sore throat
- Fast breathing
- Body ache
- Watery red eyes
Treatment Of Swine Flu:
Prevention is better than cure. The best treatment for this infection is prevention by vaccination. Many vaccines have been produced in the laboratories. The first vaccine H1N1 was produced in Oct 2009.
Following are some drugs that can effectively treat swine influenza virus in humans.
Oseltamivir and Zanamivir are given to the people who are diagnosed with this virus. Oseltamivir can be given to both adults and children’s.
Prevention Of Swine Flu:
Following are the steps that can help us to prevent from swine flu.
- Stay home if you are sick.
- Wash your hands frequently.
- Wear a proper surgical mask.
- Always cover your face while sneezing and coughing.
- Get plenty of sleep.
- Avoid touching your nose, mouth, and eyes.
- Drink plenty of water.
- Do not get close the people who are sick.
- Eat a good balance diet.
- Boost your immune system.
- Avoid crowded areas.
If I am infected with this virus, I can stop others from becoming infected with this flu.
- Limit the contact with other people.
- Do no go school, college or work.
- Put used tissues in the waste basket.
- Keep the surface neat and clean you have touched.
- Follow the instructions of your Doctor.